Benin is a republic in western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. It extends inland about 670 km (about 415 mi) from its 121-km (75-mi) long gulf coast. Benin is bordered on the north by Burkina Faso and Niger, on the east by Nigeria, and on the west by Togo. Formerly part of French West Africa, it gained independence in 1960 as Dahomey and it was named Benin in 1975. It has an area of 112,622 sq km (43,484 sq mi).