Lesotho, formerly known as Basutoland is a country in southern Africa, bordered on all sides by South Africa. Lesotho is one of only two nations in the world to be completely encircled by a single country (the other is San Marino). The country gained it's independence in 1966. The kingdom of Lesotho is mainly mountainous and has a total area of 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Maseru.
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