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West Germany is the common name of a former republic of central Europe, bordered on the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; on the east by the former East Germany and the Czech Republic; on the south by Austria and Switzerland; and on the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. West Germany had an area of 248,577 sq km (95,976 sq mi). It was established officially as the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; German Bundesrepublik Deutschland) on May 23, 1949, as one of two successor states-East Germany (officially the German Democratic Republic, or GDR) being the other-to the nation of Germany after its defeat in World War II (1939-1945). West Germany ceased to exist in 1990 when it merged with East Germany into a single nation known as Germany (officially called the Federal Republic of Germany).

Latest updates
18 September 2015Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen KG operated a variety of helicopter charter services, including crop-spraying around 1962 [added]
updateAdC (Air de Cologne): status changed to 'Renamed' as airline was acquired by TNT in 1988 (thanks Dick Stellweg )
AirlineOperating DatesStatusCommentsGenealogy

 AdC (Air de Cologne)

1987* - 1988Renamed >TNT


1956 - 1958Inactive  

 Air Bremen

1989 - 1990Inactive  

 Air Commerz

1970 - 1973Inactive  

 Air Lloyd

1961* - 1964Inactive  

 Alfa Air


 All-Air (Allegemeine Luftransport)

1965* - 1966Renamed >Transport Flug


1983* - 1983*Status?  

 Atlantis Airways

1968 - 1972Inactive >Atlantis


1969 - 1973Inactive  

 Aviation Hanseatiche Lufteederei


 Bavaria Flug

1957 - 1977Renamed >TUIfly


1977 - 1979Renamed >TUIfly

 Braunschweig Flug

1976* - 1976*Renamed >Naske Air

 Calair (TF Transportflug)

1970 - 1972Inactive Calair

 Condor Luftfreederei

1957* - 1961RenamedCondor Luftfreederei was formed in 1957Condor Luftfreederei >>Deutsche Flugdienst >Condor Flugdienst

 Condor Sudflug

1955* - 1961Renamed >Condor Flugdienst

 Contactair (Contact Air)

1978* - 1982*Status?  

 Deutsche Flugdienst

1956 - 1961Renamedformed on 21Dec1955 & operations started 29Mar1956>Condor Flugdienst

 Deutsche Lufthansa

1955* - 1955*Status?Deutsche Lufthansa was founded on 01Jul1955 

 Deutsche Taxiflug

1961* - 1961*Status?  

 Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen

1962* - 1962*Status?Deutscher Helicopter Dienst Essen KG operates a variety of helicopter charter services, including crop-spraying 

 DFD (Deutsche Ferienflugdienste)

1989* - 1990Inactive  

 DFD (Deutscher Flug Dienst)

1981* - 1982Inactive  

 DLT (Deutsche Luftverkehrsgesellschaft)

1974 - 1992Renamed >Lufthansa CityLine

 EFS (Express Flug Service)

1973 - 1977Inactive  


1970 - 1971Inactive  

 ESS Luftfahrtunternehmen

1985 - 1988Inactive  


1963* - 1963*Status?  

 General Air

1962 - 1975Inactive  

 General Air Luftverkehrsgesellschaft

1974* - 1975*Status?General Air Luftverkehrsgesellschaft formed on 01Mar1974 to succeed General Air Nord 

 General Air Nord

1972 - 1974*Inactiveformed in May1972 to operate domestic services 

 German Cargo

1977 - 1992RenamedGerman Cargo was founded in 1975>Lufthansa Cargo


1968 - 1977Renamed >TUIfly

 Hadag Air

1974 - 1986*Inactive >Hanse Express

 Hadag General Air Seebaderflug

1974* - 1974Renamed >Hanse Express

 Hapag-Lloyd Flugzeug

1953* - 1953*Status?  

 Hapag-Lloyd Flugzeug

1973 - 1974*Status?Hapag-Lloyd Flug was founded on 29Jun1972 

 Hohenloher Flugdienst

1978* - 1979*Status?  

 Holiday Express

1986 - 1986Renamed >Hanse Express


1966 - 1979Inactive  

 Intercondor (Inter Condor)

1990* - 1990*Inactive  


1971* - 1971*Inactive  


1982* - 1985Inactive  

 LTS (Lufttransport Sud)

1984 - 1988Renamed >airberlin

 LuftAG (Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf)

1953* - 1954RenamedLuftAG was founded in Cologne in 1953>Lufthansa

 Lufttaxi Osnabruck

1978* - 1979*Status?  

 Lufttransport Union

1956 - 1958Renamed >airberlin

 Luftverkehr Wilhelmshaven-Friesland Erich Passon

1978* - 1979*Status?  

 NFD (Numberger Flugdienst)

1975* - 1994RenamedNFD (Numberger Flugdienst) was founded in 1975>Eurowings

 Nora Air Services


 Nordseeflug Sylter Lufttransport

1966* - 1968Renamed Atlantis

 OLT (Ostfriesische Lufttransport)

1970 - 1974Renamed >Lufthansa CityLine

 OLT Ostfriesische Lufttaxi

1959 - 1970RenamedOLT wa formed in 1958 & first flight was on 17Jun1959>Lufthansa CityLine

 Panorama Flugdienst

1988* - 1988*RenamedPanorama Flugdienst was founded in 1988Panorama Flugdienst >Euro City Line

 Pleuger Flugdienst

1978* - 1979*Status?  

 Rheingau Air Service

1974* - 1979*Status?  

 SAT Flug (Special Air Transport)

1978 - 1986RenamedGermania was establihed in Apr1997 & operations started on 15Sep1978 as SAT Flug (Special Air Transport)SAT Flug (Special Air Transport) >Germania

 Süddeutsche Bedarfsflug

1952^ - 1952*Renamed >Condor Flugdienst

 Südflug International

1952* - 1968Inactive >Condor Flugdienst

 SudwestFlug (Sudwest Flug)

1965 - 1968Renamed >TUIfly

 Supair (Super International Airlines)


 Tempelhof Airways USA

1981 - 1990Inactive  

 TF Transportflug

1965* - 1970Renamed >Calair

 Transport Flug (Transportflug)

1965 - 1970Inactive Transport Flug